Here we employed site-directed cross-linking with the application of tRNA and mRNA analogues bearing an oxidized ribose at the 3′-terminus to investigate mutual arrangement of the main components of translation termination complexes formed on the human 80S ribosome bound with P site deacylated tRNA using eRF1•eRF3•GTP or eRF1 alone. In addition, we applied a model complex obtained in the same way with eRF1•eRF3•GMPPNP. We found that eRF3 content in the complexes with GTP and GMPPNP is similar, proving that eRF3 does not leave the ribosome after GTP hydrolysis. Our cross-linking data allowed determining locations of the 3′-terminus of the P site tRNA relatively the eRF1 M domain and of the mRNA stop signal toward the N domain and the ribosomal decoding site at the nucleotide-peptide resolution level. Our results indicate that locations of these components do not change after peptide release up to post-termination pre-recycling state, and the positioning of the mRNA stop signal remains similar to that when eRF1 recognizes it. Besides, we found that in all the complexes studied eRF1 shielded the N-terminal part of ribosomal protein eS30 from the interaction with the nucleotide adjacent to stop codon observed with pre-termination ribosome free of eRFs. Altogether, our findings brought important information on contacts of the key structural elements of eRF1, tRNA and mRNA in the ribosomal complexes including those mimicking different translation termination steps, thereby providing a deeper understanding of molecular mechanisms underlying events occurring in the course of protein synthesis termination in mammals.
|Журнал||Biochimica et Biophysica Acta - Gene Regulatory Mechanisms|
|Состояние||Опубликовано - 1 июл 2017|