Eu2(SO4)3 was synthesized by chemical precipitation method and the crystal structure was determined by Rietveld analysis. The compound crystallizes in monoclinic space group С2/с. In the air environment, Eu2(SO4)3 is stable up to 670 °C. The sample of Eu2(SO4)3 was examined by Raman, Fourier-transform infrared absorption and luminescence spectroscopy methods. The low site symmetry of SO4 tetrahedra results in the appearance of the IR inactive ν1 mode around 1000 cm−1 and ν2 modes below 500 cm−1. The band intensities redistribution in the luminescent spectra of Eu3+ ions is analyzed in terms of the peculiarities of its local environment.