The paper presents data on garnets from serpentinized peridotite xenoliths in the Nyurba and Botuoba kimberlite pipes of the Nakyn kimberlite field. The major and trace-element compositions of the garnets were analyzed to determine their compositional specifics and genesis. Based on the REE content and chondrite-normalized distribution patterns, the garnets are divided into two types with sinusoidal ((Sm/Er)n > 1) and normal ((Sm/Er)n < 1) REE distribution patterns. In terms of the Y, Zr, Ti, and Eu relations, and the shape of REE distribution pattern, all the garnets correspond to garnets of metasomatized peridotites, except for one sample falling into the field of depleted garnets of harzburgite–dunite paragenesis. The geochemical characteristics of the garnets record two types of metasomatic agents: carbonatite/fluid for type 1 garnets and silicate/melt for type 2 garnets. The carbonatite metasomatic agent produced harzburgitic garnet and its further transformation into lherzolitic garnet. Silicate metasomatism, which led to the formation of the REE pattern of type 2 garnets, likely overprinted two different types of garnets and, respectively, gave two evolutionary trends. These are depleted residual garnets and type 1 garnets previously subjected to carbonatite metasomatism. The low Y and Th contents in combination with the low Ti/Eu ratios in garnets suggest a moderate reworking of lithospheric peridotites by silicate melts, which is consistent with the high diamond grade of the Nakyn kimberlite field.
Предметные области OECD FOS+WOS
- 1.05 НАУКИ О ЗЕМЛЕ И СМЕЖНЫЕ ЭКОЛОГИЧЕСКИЕ НАУКИ
- 1.05.GC ГЕОХИМИЯ И ГЕОФИЗИКА