Equations of state of iron nitrides ε-Fe3Nx and γ-Fe4Ny to 30 GPa and 1200 K and implication for nitrogen in the Earth's core

Результат исследования: Научные публикации в периодических изданияхстатьярецензирование

19 Цитирования (Scopus)


Nitrogen abundance is one of the most uncertain among all elements in the Earth's interior. Recent data indicate an affinity between Fe-nitrides and Fe-carbides in the Earth's mantle and inner core. In this work P-V-T equations of state of ε-Fe3N0.8 and ε-Fe3N1.26 (which is close to Fe7N3) have been determined using a combination of multianvil and synchrotron radiation techniques at pressures up to 30 GPa and temperatures up to 1473 K. A fit of the P-V-T data to the Vinet-Rydberg and Mie-Grüneisen-Debye equations of state yields the following thermoelastic parameters for the ε-Fe3N0.8: V0 = 81.44(2) Å3, KT0 = 157(3) GPa, KT′ = 5.3 (fixed), θ0 = 555 K (fixed), γ0 = 1.83(1), and q = 1.34(18). For ε-Fe3N1.26 we obtained V0 = 86.18(2) Å3, KT0 = 163(2) GPa, KT′ = 5.3(2), θ0 = 562(90) K, γ0 = 1.85(2), and q = 0.55(24). It is likely that all presumably paramagnetic ε-Fe3Nx with x = 0.75–1.5 have similar thermoelastic properties with a minor increase of the bulk modulus with increasing N content. The melting temperature of ε-Fe3Nx increases from approximately 1473 to 1573 K in the pressure range from 5 to 30 GPa. We also determined a preliminary equation of state for γ-Fe4Ny and calculated y = 0.35(2) from the data at 20–30 GPa. Combining the results with a recent experimental study on the stability of β-Fe7N3, isostructural with Fe7C3, and a theoretical study of the magnetic transitions in ε-Fe3Nx, we estimate the density of Fe-nitrides at the Earth's inner core conditions. Our results indicate that at 5000–6000 K, 2.0–3.2 wt % N can explain the density deficit in Earth's inner core.

Язык оригиналаанглийский
Страницы (с-по)3574-3584
Число страниц11
ЖурналJournal of Geophysical Research: Solid Earth
Номер выпуска5
СостояниеОпубликовано - 1 мая 2017


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