Porous metal–organic framework [Zn2(ttdc)2(bpy)] (1) based on thieno [3,2-b]thiophenedicarboxylate (ttdc) was synthesized and characterized. The structure contains intersected zig-zag channels with an average aperture of 4 × 6 Å and a 49% (v/v) guest-accessible pore volume. Gas adsorption studies confirmed the microporous nature of 1 with a specific surface area (BET model) of 952 m2·g–1 and a pore volume of 0.37 cm3·g–1. Extensive CO2, N2, O2, CO, CH4, C2H2, C2H4 and C2H6 gas adsorption experiments at 273 K and 298 K were carried out, which revealed the great adsorption selectivity of C2H6 over CH4 (IAST selectivity factor 14.8 at 298 K). The sulfur-rich ligands and double framework interpenetration in 1 result in a dense decoration of the inner surface by thiophene heterocyclic moieties, which are known to be effective secondary adsorption sites for carbon dioxide. As a result, remarkable CO2 adsorption selectivities were obtained for CO2/CH4 (11.7) and CO2/N2 (27.2 for CO2:N2 = 1:1, 56.4 for CO2:N2 = 15:85 gas mixtures). The computational DFT calculations revealed the decisive role of the sulfur-containing heterocycle moieties in the adsorption of CO2 and C2H6. High CO2 adsorption selectivity values and a relatively low isosteric heat of CO2 adsorption (31.4 kJ·mol–1) make the porous material 1 a promising candidate for practical separation of biogas as well as for CO2 sequestration from flue gas or natural gas.
Предметные области OECD FOS+WOS
- 2.1.NS НАНОНАУКА И НАНОТЕХНОЛОГИИ
- 2.05.PM МАТЕРИАЛОВЕДЕНИЕ, МУЛЬТИДИСЦИПЛИНАРНОЕ
- 1.03.UB ФИЗИКА, ПРИКЛАДНАЯ
- 1.04.DY ХИМИЯ, МУЛЬТИДИСЦИПЛИНАРНАЯ