Electroluminescence and electron avalanching are the physical effects used in two-phase argon and xenon detectors for dark matter searches and neutrino detection, to amplify the primary ionization signal directly in cryogenic noble-gas media. We review the concepts of such light and charge signal amplification, including a combination thereof, both in the gas and in the liquid phase. Puzzling aspects of the physics of electroluminescence and electron avalanching in two-phase detectors are explained, and detection techniques based on these effects are described.
Предметные области OECD FOS+WOS
- 2.11.OA ИНСТРУМЕНТЫ И ИЗМЕРИТЕЛЬНЫЕ ПРИБОРЫ.