Nowadays, N-functionalized carbon nanomaterials attract a growing interest. The use of melamine as a functionalizing agent looks prospective from environmental and cost points of view. Moreover, the melamine molecule contains a high amount of nitrogen with an atomic ratio C/N of 1/2. In present work, the initial carbon nanofibers (CNFs) were synthesized via catalytic pyrolysis of ethylene over microdispersed Ni–Cu alloy. The CNF materials were pretreated with 12% hydrochloric acid or with a mixture of concentrated nitric and sulfuric acids, which allowed etching of the metals from the fibers and oxidizing of the fibers’ surface. Finally, the CNFs were N-functionalized via their impregnation with a melamine solution and thermolysis in an inert atmosphere. According to the microscopic data, the initial structure of the CNFs remained the same after the pretreatment and post-functionalization procedures. At the same time, the surface of the N-functionalized CNFs became more defective. The textural properties of the materials were also affected. In the case of the oxidative treatment with a mixture of acids, the highest content of the surface oxygen of 11.8% was registered by X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy. The amount of nitrogen introduced during the post-functionalization of CNFs with melamine increased from 1.4 to 4.3%. Along with this, the surface oxygen concentration diminished to 6.4%.
Предметные области OECD FOS+WOS
- 2.05 ТЕХНОЛОГИЯ МАТЕРИАЛОВ
- 1.03 ФИЗИЧЕСКИЕ НАУКИ И АСТРОНОМИЯ