Nanostructured SnO(x) films were obtained by molecular beam epitaxy (MBE). The morphology, structure, and optical properties of obtained films annealed in the temperature range of 200 °C-1000 °C were studied. The reflection high-energy electron diffraction during the film deposition by the MBE method and the x-ray phase analysis showed that the initial films are in the polycrystalline phase. A single orthorhombic SnO2 phase was obtained for the first time after annealing the SnO(x) film in the air at a temperature of about 500 °C. The sharp change in the optical constants near the temperature of 500 °C was established using ellipsometry. The pronounced absorption edge appears in the short-wave region at temperatures above 500 °C and it disappears at lower temperatures. The film thickness changed non-monotonically during the annealing in the air. At first, it grows from 45 nm to 65 nm (active oxidation to 500 °C), and then (above 600 °C) it begins to decrease. The annealing at temperatures of 500 °C-1000 °C leads to the film compaction, since the film thickness decreases to 50 nm, but the refractive index increases by 10%-15%. Optical constants track the progress of film phase and morphological changes.
|Журнал||Materials Research Express|
|Состояние||Опубликовано - 6 янв. 2020|