Many research groups have developed various types of tissue-engineered cardiac con-structs. However, the immunological properties of such artificial tissues are not yet fully understood. Previously, we developed microfiber scaffolds carrying human iPSC-derived cardiomyocytes (hiPSC-CM). In this work, we evaluated the ability of these tissue-engineered constructs to activate the expression of CD28 and CTLA-4 proteins on T lymphocytes, which are early markers of the immune response. For this purpose, electrospun PLA microfiber scaffolds were seeded with hiPSC-CM and cultured for 2 weeks. Allogeneic mononuclear cells were then co-cultured for 48 h with three groups of samples: bare scaffolds, pure cardiomyocyte culture and tissue-engineered constructs, followed by analysis of CD28/CTLA-4 expression on T lymphocytes using flow cytometry. PLA scaffolds and concanavalin A stimulation (positive control) statistically significantly increased CD28 expression on CD4+ T cells (up to 61.3% and 66.3%) CD8+ T cells (up to 17.8% and 21.7%). CD28/CTLA-4 expression was not increased when T lymphocytes were co-cultured with cardiac tissue-engineered constructs and iPSC-CM monolayers. Thus, iPSC-CM in monolayers and on PLA microfiber scaffolds did not induce T cell activation, which suggests that such cardiac constructs would not be a cause of rejection after implantation.
Предметные области OECD FOS+WOS
- 2.06.IG ИНЖЕНЕРИЯ, БИОМЕДИЦИНСКАЯ
- 2.09.QE МАТЕРИАЛОВЕДЕНИЕ, БИОМАТЕРИАЛЫ