Direct UV photodegradation of herbicide triclopyr in aqueous solutions: A mechanistic study

Результат исследования: Научные публикации в периодических изданияхстатьярецензирование

Аннотация

Mechanism of direct UV photolysis of pyridine herbicide triclopyr (TRI) was revealed by the combination of nanosecond laser flash photolysis, steady-state photolysis coupled with high resolution LC-MS and DFT quantum-chemical calculations. Both the detection of short-lived intermediates and the detailed identification of final products were done for the first time. The quantum yield of TRI photodegradation is about 4% at both UVC (254 nm) and UVB (308 nm) excitation. The primary stage is the heterolytic cleavage of C–Cl bond in dissociative triplet state of TRI with the formation of phenyl cation followed by a fast nucleophilic attack by a solvent molecule. The minor channel is the photohydrolysis leading to the formation of 3,5,6-trichloropyridin-2-ol. Primary photoproducts undergo secondary photolysis by the mechanism similar to initial TRI with the formation of products of acetic group elimination, sequential substitution of chlorine atoms to hydroxyl groups and, finally, oxidation and opening of the pyridine ring. Obtained results can be important for understanding the fate of pyridine herbicides in the processes of UVC disinfection and in natural waters under action of the sunlight.

Язык оригиналаанглийский
Номер статьи133573
ЖурналChemosphere
Том293
DOI
СостояниеОпубликовано - апр. 2022

Предметные области OECD FOS+WOS

  • 3.03 НАУКИ О ЗДОРОВЬЕ
  • 1.04 ХИМИЧЕСКИЕ НАУКИ
  • 1.05 НАУКИ О ЗЕМЛЕ И СМЕЖНЫЕ ЭКОЛОГИЧЕСКИЕ НАУКИ
  • 1.06 БИОЛОГИЧЕСКИЕ НАУКИ

Fingerprint

Подробные сведения о темах исследования «Direct UV photodegradation of herbicide triclopyr in aqueous solutions: A mechanistic study». Вместе они формируют уникальный семантический отпечаток (fingerprint).

Цитировать