H3K4me3 is typically found in the promoter region of genes and is a mark associated with an open chromatin state and active gene transcription. Nonetheless, the role of H3K4me3 in the regulation of transcription is still debated. To improve the understanding of the connection between H3K4me3 density in promoters and gene expression, we assessed the correlation between these two parameters. We utilized genome-wide high-throughput RNA sequencing (RNA-seq) data and H3K4me3-based chromatin immunoprecipitation with high-throughput sequencing (ChIP-seq), carried out on the same samples of the prefrontal cortex from 10 male C57Bl6 mice with different stress experience [Social defeat stress in adult mice causes alterations in gene expression, alternative splicing, and the epigenetic landscape of H3K4me3 in the prefrontal cortex: an impact of early-life stress, 1]. In addition, we assessed the correlation between H3K4me3 density and gene expression in datasets of cell-specific genes. Altogether, the results are useful for the elucidation of H3K4me3 involvement in the regulation of transcription in the murine prefrontal cortex.