Conditions of formation of Au-Se-Te mineralization in the Gaching ore occurrence (Maletoyvayam ore field), Kamchatka, Russia

Nadezhda Tolstykh, Anna Vymazalova, Marek Tuhy, Mariya Shapovalova

Результат исследования: Научные публикации в периодических изданияхстатья

10 Цитирования (Scopus)

Аннотация

The Gaching high-sulfidation epithermal deposit in the Maletoyvayam ore field features a wide range of Se-containing minerals and selenides, as well as complex gold oxides, Au tellurides (calaverite, krennerite) and native gold typical for epithermal deposits. Pyrite included in quartzites and quartz-alunite rocks was probably formed during an early stage of the ore-forming process. During the following Au-rich stage, the / increased with being relatively high, resulting in the formation of very rare compounds that have not been previously described in nature. These include Au2Te4(Se,S)3, Se3Te2, AuSe and Au(Te,Se,S) phases. The Au2Te4(Se,S)3 compounds have some variations in composition: the complete isomorphic series between Au2Te4Se3 and Au2Te4S3 was observed. The gold and Au-minerals at the main ore stage can be stable within a range of log of -27.3 and atmospheric oxygen (?); log between -12.4 and -5.7; log between -10.5 and -7.8; and log between -12.8 and -6.8 (at 250°C). The increasing oxygen fugacity during the final stage of mineralization resulted in the formation of complex Sb,As,Te,S-bearing Au oxides. Gold-oxide formation occurs due to oxidation of Au-tellurides. The final products of this process are newly-formed secondary mustard gold and Te-Se solid solutions.

Язык оригиналаанглийский
Страницы (с-по)649-674
Число страниц26
ЖурналMineralogical Magazine
Том82
Номер выпуска3
DOI
СостояниеОпубликовано - июн 2018

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