Ultramafic lamprophyres (UMLs) are mantle rocks that provide important information about the composition of specific carbonate–silicate alkaline melts in the mantle as well as the processes contributing to their origin. Minerals of the spinel group typically occur in UMLs and have a unique “genetic memory.” Investigations of the spinel minerals from the UMLs of the Chadobets complex show the physicochemical and thermodynamic features of the alkaline rocks’ crystalliza-tion. The spinels of these UMLs have four stages of crystallization. The first spinel xenocrysts were found only in damtjernite pipes, formed from mantle peridotite, and were captured during the ris-ing of the primary melt to the surface. The next stages of the spinel composition evolution are related to the high‐chromium spinel crystallization, which changed to a high‐alumina composition. The composition then changed to magnesian ulvöspinel–magnetites with strong decreases in the Al and Cr amounts caused by the release of carbon dioxide, rapid temperature changes, and crystallization of the main primary groundmass minerals such as phlogopite and carbonates. Melt inclusion analyses showed the predominance of aluminosilicate (phlogopite, clinopyroxene, and/or albite) and carbonate (calcite and dolomite) daughter phases in the inclusions that are consistent with the chemical evolution of the Cr‐spinel trend. The further evolution of the spinels from magnesian ulvöspinel–magnetite to Ti‐magnetite is accompanied by the formation of atoll structures caused by resorption of the spinel minerals.
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- 1.05 НАУКИ О ЗЕМЛЕ И СМЕЖНЫЕ ЭКОЛОГИЧЕСКИЕ НАУКИ