Comparative Analysis of Tumor-Associated microRNAs and Tetraspanines from Exosomes of Plasma and Ascitic Fluids of Ovarian Cancer Patients

Natalia Yunusova, Ekaterina Dzhugashvili, Alena Yalovaya, Larisa Kolomiets, Aleksei Shefer, Alina Grigor'eva, Alexey Tupikin, Irina Kondakova, Svetlana Tamkovich

Результат исследования: Научные публикации в периодических изданияхстатьярецензирование

Аннотация

Ovarian cancer (OC) is one of the most common and fatal types of gynecological cancer. In the early phase of OC detection, the current treatment and diagnostic methods are not efficient and sensitive enough. Therefore, it is crucial to explore the mechanisms of OC metastasis and discover valuable factors for early diagnosis of female cancers and novel therapeutic strategies for metastasis. Exosomes are known to be involved in the development, migration, and invasion of cancer cells, and their cargo could be useful for the non-invasive biopsy development. CD151- and Tspan8-positive exosomes are known to support the degradation of the extracellular matrix, and are involved in stroma remodeling, angiogenesis and cell motility, as well as the association of miR-24 and miR-101 with these processes. The objective of this study was to explore the relationship of these components of exosomal cargo, in patients with OC, to clarify the clinical significance of these markers in liquid biopsies. The levels of tetraspanins Tspan8+ and CD151+ exosomes were significantly higher in plasma exosomes of OC patients compared with healthy females (HFs). The relative levels of miR-24 and miR-101 in plasma exosomes of HFs were significantly higher than in plasma exosomes of OC patients, while the levels of these microRNAs in exosomes from plasma and ascites of ill females showed no difference. Our study revealed a strong direct correlation between the change in the ascites exosomes CD151+Tspan8+ subpopulation level and the expression levels of the ascites (R = 0.81, p < 0.05) and plasma exosomal miR-24 (R = 0.74, p < 0.05) in OC patients, which confirms the assumption that exosomal cargo act synergistically to increase cellular motility, affecting cellular processes and signaling. Bioinformatics analysis confirmed the involvement of CD151 and Tspan8 tetraspanins and genes controlled by miR-24-3p and miR-101 in signaling pathways, which are crucial for carcinogenesis, demonstrating that these tetraspanins and microRNAs are potential biomarkers for OC screening, and predictors of poor clinicopathological behavior in tumors.

Язык оригиналаанглийский
Номер статьи464
ЖурналInternational Journal of Molecular Sciences
Том24
Номер выпуска1
Ранняя дата в режиме онлайн27 дек. 2022
DOI
СостояниеОпубликовано - янв. 2023

Предметные области OECD FOS+WOS

  • 1.04 ХИМИЧЕСКИЕ НАУКИ
  • 2.04 ХИМИЧЕСКИЕ ТЕХНОЛОГИИ
  • 1.06 БИОЛОГИЧЕСКИЕ НАУКИ

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