Chemical Properties of Dialkyl Halonium Ions (R2Hal+) and Their Neutral Analogues, Methyl Carboranes, CH3-(CHB11Hal11), Where Hal = F, Cl

Evgenii S. Stoyanov

Результат исследования: Научные публикации в периодических изданияхстатья

4 Цитирования (Scopus)

Аннотация

Chloronium cations in their salts (CnH2n+1)2Cl+{CHB11Cl11 -}, with n = 1 to 3 and exceptionally stable carborane anions, are stable at ambient and elevated temperatures. The temperature at which they decompose to carbocations with HCl elimination (below 150 °C) decreases with the increasing n from 1 to 3 because of increasing ionicity of C-Cl bonds in the C-Cl+-C bridge. At room temperature, the salts of cations with n ≥ 4 [starting from t-Bu2Cl+ or (cyclo-C5H11)2Cl+] are unstable and decompose. With decreasing chloronium ion stability, their ability to interact with chloroalkanes to form oligomeric cations increases. It was shown indirectly that unstable salt of fluoronium ions (CH3)2F+(CHB11F11 -) must exist at low temperatures. The proposed (CH3)2F+ cation is much more reactive than the corresponding chloronium, showing at room temperature chemical properties expected of (CH3)2Cl+ at elevated temperatures.

Язык оригиналаанглийский
Страницы (с-по)2918-2923
Число страниц6
ЖурналJournal of Physical Chemistry A
Том121
Номер выпуска15
DOI
СостояниеОпубликовано - 20 апр 2017

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