For the first time, the chymosin gene (CYM) of a maral was characterized. Its exon/intron organization was established using comparative analysis of the nucleotide sequence. The CYM mRNA sequence encoding a maral preprochymosin was reconstructed. Nucleotide sequence of the CYM maral mRNA allowed developing an expression vector to ensure production of a recombinant enzyme. Recombinant maral prochymosin was obtained in the expression system of Escherichiacoli [strain BL21 (DE3)]. Total milk-coagulation activity (MCA) of the recombinant maral chymosin was 2330 AU/ml. The recombinant maral prochymosin relative activity was 52955 AU/mg. The recombinant maral chymosin showed 100-81% MCA in the temperature range 30-50°C, thermal stability (TS) threshold was 50°C, and the enzyme was completely inactivated at 70°C. Preparations of the recombinant chymosin of a single-humped camel and recombinant bovine chymosin were used as reference samples. Michaelis–Menten constant (Km), turnover number (kcat), and catalytic efficiency (kcat/Km) of the recombinant maral chymosin, were 1.18 ± 0.1 µM, 2.68 ± 0.08 s−1 and 2.27± 0.10 µm M−1·s−1, respectively.