The exact cellular and molecular mechanisms of multiple sclerosis and other autoimmune diseases have not been established. Autoimmune pathologies are known to be associated with faults in the immune system and changes in the differentiation profiles of bone marrow stem cells. This study analyzed various characteristics of experimental autoimmune encephalomyelitis (EAE) in 2D2 mice. Differentiation profiles of six hematopoietic stem cells of bone marrow were found to significantly differ in 2D2 male and female mice during the spontaneous development of EAE. In addition, we found various properties of B and T cells, CD4+ and CD8+ lymphocytes in blood and several organs (bone marrow, spleen, thymus, and lymph nodes) of 2D2 male and female mice to be considerably different. These changes in hematopoietic stem cells differentiation profiles and level of lymphocyte proliferation in various organs of 2D2 mice were found to induce the production of IgGs against DNA, myelin basic protein, and myelin oligodendrocyte glycoprotein, increasing the number of autoantibodies hydrolyzing these substrates. We compared the changes of these immunological and biochemical parameters in 2D2 mice with those of mice of two other lines (Th and C57BL/6), also prone to spontaneous development of EAE. Some noticeable and even extreme variations were found in the time-related development of parameters between male and female mice of 2D2, Th, and C57BL/6 lines. Despite some differences, mice of all three lines demonstrated the changes in hematopoietic stem cells profiles, lymphocyte content, and production of catalytic autoantibodies. Given that these changes are harmful to mice, we believe them to cause the development of experimental autoimmune encephalomyelitis.
Предметные области OECD FOS+WOS
- 1.06.CQ БИОХИМИЯ И МОЛЕКУЛЯРНАЯ БИОЛОГИЯ
- 1.04 ХИМИЧЕСКИЕ НАУКИ