The catalytic performance of Zr-abtc and MIP-200 metal–organic frameworks consisting of 8-connected Zr6 clusters and tetratopic linkers was investigated in H2O2-based selective oxidations and compared with that of 12-coordinated UiO-66 and UiO-67. Zr-abtc demonstrated advantages in both substrate conversion and product selectivity for epoxidation of electron-deficient C=C bonds in α,β-unsaturated ketones. The significant predominance of 1,2-epoxide in carvone epoxidation, coupled with high sulfone selectivity in thioether oxidation, points to a nucleophilic oxidation mechanism over Zr-abtc. The superior catalytic performance in the epoxidation of unsaturated ketones correlates with a larger amount of weak basic sites in Zr-abtc. Electrophilic activation of H2O2 can also be realized, as evidenced by the high activity of Zr-abtc in epoxidation of the electron-rich C=C bond in caryophyllene. XRD and FTIR studies confirmed the retention of the Zr-abtc structure after the catalysis. The low activity of MIP-200 in H2O2-based oxidations is most likely related to its specific hydrophilicity, which disfavors adsorption of organic substrates and H2O2.
Предметные области OECD FOS+WOS
- 2.04 ХИМИЧЕСКИЕ ТЕХНОЛОГИИ
- 1.04 ХИМИЧЕСКИЕ НАУКИ