In the present work free convective air flow in the two-dimensional cavity with three different aspect ratios (AR) are investigated using direct numerical simulation. The bottom wall is assumed to be kept at a uniform higher temperature than that of the top wall and the other two vertical walls are assumed to be thermally insulated. The computations are conducted for Rayleigh number (Ra) values from 10(3) to 10(6). Convective schemes are compared and Self Filtered Central Differencing Scheme is used to discretize convective term. Parallel computing MPI code is adapted to run the simulations. An attempt has been made to gather the visualization techniques such as streamlines, isotherms, energy streamlines and field synergy principle to analyse the flow behaviour inside the cavity. When Ra is small, the vertical energy streamlines are observed in the cavity. As Ra further increased, the free energy streamlines observed at the boundary and the trapped energy streamlines at the centre in the horizontal direction. For a fixed Ra, and increasing AR, the average synergy angle increases. This indicates synergy or the coordination between velocity magnitude and temperature field gets decreased and leads to the growth of heat transfer rate. The field synergy principle implies by enhancing the synergy between the velocity vector and temperature gradient.
|Журнал||Latin american applied research|
|Состояние||Опубликовано - 2020|
|Опубликовано для внешнего пользования||Да|