Praseodymium sulfate was obtained by the precipitation method and the crystal structure was determined by Rietveld analysis. Pr2 (SO4)3 is crystallized in the monoclinic structure, space group C2/c, with cell parameters a = 21.6052 (4), b = 6.7237 (1) and c = 6.9777 (1) Å, β = 107.9148 (7)◦, Z = 4, V = 964.48 (3) Å3 (T = 150◦ C). The thermal expansion of Pr2 (SO4)3 is strongly anisotropic. As was obtained by XRD measurements, all cell parameters are increased on heating. However, due to a strong increase of the monoclinic angle β, there is a direction of negative thermal expansion. In the argon atmosphere, Pr2 (SO4)3 is stable in the temperature range of T = 30–870◦ C. The kinetics of the thermal decomposition process of praseodymium sulfate octahydrate Pr2 (SO4)3·8H2 O was studied as well. The vibrational properties of Pr2 (SO4)3 were examined by Raman and Fourier-transform infrared absorption spectroscopy methods. The band gap structure of Pr2 (SO4)3 was evaluated by ab initio calculations, and it was found that the valence band top is dominated by the p electrons of oxygen ions, while the conduction band bottom is formed by the d electrons of Pr3+ ions. The exact position of ZPL is determined via PL and PLE spectra at 77 K to be at 481 nm, and that enabled a correct assignment of luminescent bands. The maximum luminescent band in Pr2 (SO4)3 belongs to the3 P0 →3 F2 transition at 640 nm.
Предметные области OECD FOS+WOS
- 1.04 ХИМИЧЕСКИЕ НАУКИ
- 2.11.XQ СПЕКТРОСКОПИЯ