Analysis of the Beaufort Gyre Freshwater Content in 2003–2018

A. Proshutinsky, R. Krishfield, J. M. Toole, M. L. Timmermans, W. Williams, S. Zimmermann, M. Yamamoto-Kawai, T. W.K. Armitage, D. Dukhovskoy, E. Golubeva, G. E. Manucharyan, G. Platov, E. Watanabe, T. Kikuchi, S. Nishino, M. Itoh, S. H. Kang, K. H. Cho, K. Tateyama, J. Zhao

Результат исследования: Научные публикации в периодических изданияхстатья

Выдержка

Hydrographic data collected from research cruises, bottom-anchored moorings, drifting Ice-Tethered Profilers, and satellite altimetry in the Beaufort Gyre region of the Arctic Ocean document an increase of more than 6,400 km3 of liquid freshwater content from 2003 to 2018: a 40% growth relative to the climatology of the 1970s. This fresh water accumulation is shown to result from persistent anticyclonic atmospheric wind forcing (1997–2018) accompanied by sea ice melt, a wind-forced redirection of Mackenzie River discharge from predominantly eastward to westward flow, and a contribution of low salinity waters of Pacific Ocean origin via Bering Strait. Despite significant uncertainties in the different observations, this study has demonstrated the synergistic value of having multiple diverse datasets to obtain a more comprehensive understanding of Beaufort Gyre freshwater content variability. For example, Beaufort Gyre Observational System (BGOS) surveys clearly show the interannual increase in freshwater content, but without satellite or Ice-Tethered Profiler measurements, it is not possible to resolve the seasonal cycle of freshwater content, which in fact is larger than the year-to-year variability, or the more subtle interannual variations.

Язык оригиналаанглийский
Страницы (с-по)9658-9689
Число страниц32
ЖурналJournal of Geophysical Research: Oceans
Том124
Номер выпуска12
DOI
СостояниеОпубликовано - 1 янв 2020

Отпечаток

Ice
gyre
Satellites
Climatology
Sea ice
Water
Mooring
profiler
ice
Discharge (fluid mechanics)
satellite altimetry
mooring
Arctic Ocean
fresh water
straits
climatology
sea ice
Pacific Ocean
wind forcing
Liquids

Цитировать

Proshutinsky, A., Krishfield, R., Toole, J. M., Timmermans, M. L., Williams, W., Zimmermann, S., ... Zhao, J. (2020). Analysis of the Beaufort Gyre Freshwater Content in 2003–2018. Journal of Geophysical Research: Oceans, 124(12), 9658-9689. https://doi.org/10.1029/2019JC015281
Proshutinsky, A. ; Krishfield, R. ; Toole, J. M. ; Timmermans, M. L. ; Williams, W. ; Zimmermann, S. ; Yamamoto-Kawai, M. ; Armitage, T. W.K. ; Dukhovskoy, D. ; Golubeva, E. ; Manucharyan, G. E. ; Platov, G. ; Watanabe, E. ; Kikuchi, T. ; Nishino, S. ; Itoh, M. ; Kang, S. H. ; Cho, K. H. ; Tateyama, K. ; Zhao, J. / Analysis of the Beaufort Gyre Freshwater Content in 2003–2018. В: Journal of Geophysical Research: Oceans. 2020 ; Том 124, № 12. стр. 9658-9689.
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abstract = "Hydrographic data collected from research cruises, bottom-anchored moorings, drifting Ice-Tethered Profilers, and satellite altimetry in the Beaufort Gyre region of the Arctic Ocean document an increase of more than 6,400 km3 of liquid freshwater content from 2003 to 2018: a 40{\%} growth relative to the climatology of the 1970s. This fresh water accumulation is shown to result from persistent anticyclonic atmospheric wind forcing (1997–2018) accompanied by sea ice melt, a wind-forced redirection of Mackenzie River discharge from predominantly eastward to westward flow, and a contribution of low salinity waters of Pacific Ocean origin via Bering Strait. Despite significant uncertainties in the different observations, this study has demonstrated the synergistic value of having multiple diverse datasets to obtain a more comprehensive understanding of Beaufort Gyre freshwater content variability. For example, Beaufort Gyre Observational System (BGOS) surveys clearly show the interannual increase in freshwater content, but without satellite or Ice-Tethered Profiler measurements, it is not possible to resolve the seasonal cycle of freshwater content, which in fact is larger than the year-to-year variability, or the more subtle interannual variations.",
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author = "A. Proshutinsky and R. Krishfield and Toole, {J. M.} and Timmermans, {M. L.} and W. Williams and S. Zimmermann and M. Yamamoto-Kawai and Armitage, {T. W.K.} and D. Dukhovskoy and E. Golubeva and Manucharyan, {G. E.} and G. Platov and E. Watanabe and T. Kikuchi and S. Nishino and M. Itoh and Kang, {S. H.} and Cho, {K. H.} and K. Tateyama and J. Zhao",
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Proshutinsky, A, Krishfield, R, Toole, JM, Timmermans, ML, Williams, W, Zimmermann, S, Yamamoto-Kawai, M, Armitage, TWK, Dukhovskoy, D, Golubeva, E, Manucharyan, GE, Platov, G, Watanabe, E, Kikuchi, T, Nishino, S, Itoh, M, Kang, SH, Cho, KH, Tateyama, K & Zhao, J 2020, 'Analysis of the Beaufort Gyre Freshwater Content in 2003–2018', Journal of Geophysical Research: Oceans, том. 124, № 12, стр. 9658-9689. https://doi.org/10.1029/2019JC015281

Analysis of the Beaufort Gyre Freshwater Content in 2003–2018. / Proshutinsky, A.; Krishfield, R.; Toole, J. M.; Timmermans, M. L.; Williams, W.; Zimmermann, S.; Yamamoto-Kawai, M.; Armitage, T. W.K.; Dukhovskoy, D.; Golubeva, E.; Manucharyan, G. E.; Platov, G.; Watanabe, E.; Kikuchi, T.; Nishino, S.; Itoh, M.; Kang, S. H.; Cho, K. H.; Tateyama, K.; Zhao, J.

В: Journal of Geophysical Research: Oceans, Том 124, № 12, 01.01.2020, стр. 9658-9689.

Результат исследования: Научные публикации в периодических изданияхстатья

TY - JOUR

T1 - Analysis of the Beaufort Gyre Freshwater Content in 2003–2018

AU - Proshutinsky, A.

AU - Krishfield, R.

AU - Toole, J. M.

AU - Timmermans, M. L.

AU - Williams, W.

AU - Zimmermann, S.

AU - Yamamoto-Kawai, M.

AU - Armitage, T. W.K.

AU - Dukhovskoy, D.

AU - Golubeva, E.

AU - Manucharyan, G. E.

AU - Platov, G.

AU - Watanabe, E.

AU - Kikuchi, T.

AU - Nishino, S.

AU - Itoh, M.

AU - Kang, S. H.

AU - Cho, K. H.

AU - Tateyama, K.

AU - Zhao, J.

PY - 2020/1/1

Y1 - 2020/1/1

N2 - Hydrographic data collected from research cruises, bottom-anchored moorings, drifting Ice-Tethered Profilers, and satellite altimetry in the Beaufort Gyre region of the Arctic Ocean document an increase of more than 6,400 km3 of liquid freshwater content from 2003 to 2018: a 40% growth relative to the climatology of the 1970s. This fresh water accumulation is shown to result from persistent anticyclonic atmospheric wind forcing (1997–2018) accompanied by sea ice melt, a wind-forced redirection of Mackenzie River discharge from predominantly eastward to westward flow, and a contribution of low salinity waters of Pacific Ocean origin via Bering Strait. Despite significant uncertainties in the different observations, this study has demonstrated the synergistic value of having multiple diverse datasets to obtain a more comprehensive understanding of Beaufort Gyre freshwater content variability. For example, Beaufort Gyre Observational System (BGOS) surveys clearly show the interannual increase in freshwater content, but without satellite or Ice-Tethered Profiler measurements, it is not possible to resolve the seasonal cycle of freshwater content, which in fact is larger than the year-to-year variability, or the more subtle interannual variations.

AB - Hydrographic data collected from research cruises, bottom-anchored moorings, drifting Ice-Tethered Profilers, and satellite altimetry in the Beaufort Gyre region of the Arctic Ocean document an increase of more than 6,400 km3 of liquid freshwater content from 2003 to 2018: a 40% growth relative to the climatology of the 1970s. This fresh water accumulation is shown to result from persistent anticyclonic atmospheric wind forcing (1997–2018) accompanied by sea ice melt, a wind-forced redirection of Mackenzie River discharge from predominantly eastward to westward flow, and a contribution of low salinity waters of Pacific Ocean origin via Bering Strait. Despite significant uncertainties in the different observations, this study has demonstrated the synergistic value of having multiple diverse datasets to obtain a more comprehensive understanding of Beaufort Gyre freshwater content variability. For example, Beaufort Gyre Observational System (BGOS) surveys clearly show the interannual increase in freshwater content, but without satellite or Ice-Tethered Profiler measurements, it is not possible to resolve the seasonal cycle of freshwater content, which in fact is larger than the year-to-year variability, or the more subtle interannual variations.

KW - Arctic Ocean

KW - Beaufort Gyre

KW - circulation

KW - climate change

KW - freshwater balance

KW - modeling

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JO - Journal of Geophysical Research

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SN - 0148-0227

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Proshutinsky A, Krishfield R, Toole JM, Timmermans ML, Williams W, Zimmermann S и соавт. Analysis of the Beaufort Gyre Freshwater Content in 2003–2018. Journal of Geophysical Research: Oceans. 2020 Янв. 1;124(12):9658-9689. https://doi.org/10.1029/2019JC015281