Human NEIL2 DNA glycosylase (hNEIL2) is a base excision repair protein that removes oxidative lesions from DNA. A distinctive feature of hNEIL2 is its preference for the lesions in bubbles and other non-canonical DNA structures. Although a number of associations of polymorphisms in the hNEIL2 gene were reported, there is little data on the functionality of the encoded protein variants, as follows: only hNEIL2 R103Q was described as unaffected, and R257L, as less proficient in supporting the repair in a reconstituted system. Here, we report the biochemical characterization of two hNEIL2 variants found as polymorphisms in the general population, R103W and P304T. Arg103 is located in a long disordered segment within the N-terminal domain of hNEIL2, while Pro304 occupies a position in the β-turn of the DNA-binding zinc finger motif. Similar to the wild-type protein, both of the variants could catalyze base excision and nick DNA by β-elimination but demonstrated a lower affinity for DNA. Steady-state kinetics indicates that the P304T variant has its catalytic efficiency (in terms of kcat /KM ) reduced ~5-fold compared with the wild-type hNEIL2, whereas the R103W enzyme is much less affected. The P304T variant was also less proficient than the wild-type, or R103W hNEIL2, in the removal of damaged bases from single-stranded and bubble-containing DNA. Overall, hNEIL2 P304T could be worthy of a detailed epidemiological analysis as a possible cancer risk modifier.
Предметные области OECD FOS+WOS
- 2.04 ХИМИЧЕСКИЕ ТЕХНОЛОГИИ
- 1.04 ХИМИЧЕСКИЕ НАУКИ
- 1.06 БИОЛОГИЧЕСКИЕ НАУКИ