It is known that both cis,fac-[RuCl2(DMSO)3(H2O)] (1a) and trans,cis,cis-[RuCl2(DMSO)2(H2O)2] (2a) complexes, which are formed on the dissolution of trans and cis-isomers of [RuCl2(DMSO)4] in water, demonstrate light-induced anticancer activity. The first stage of 1a photochemistry is its transformation to 2a occurring with a rather high quantum yield, 0.64 ± 0.17. The mechanism of the 1a → 2a phototransformation was studied by means of nanosecond laser flash photolysis and ultrafast pump-probe spectroscopy. The reaction occurs in the picosecond time range via the formation and decay of two successive intermediates interpreted as Ru(ii) complexes with different sets of ligands. A tentative mechanism of phototransformation is proposed.