咸海演化的关键问题及其对经济, 社会和生态价值的重要启示

S. K. Krivonogov, T. I. Kenshinbay, R. Kh Kurmanbaev, B. S. Karimova

Результат исследования: Научные публикации в периодических изданияхобзорная статьярецензирование

Аннотация

The paper reviews the up-to-date knowledge on the changes of the Aral Sea level to make it useful for decision makers in social and economic projects. We propose a new vision of the ecological standard for the Aral Sea: small to medium size lake instead of huge one as it was before 1960, when modern human-induced shrinking started. Change of the vision may turn many expensive initiatives based on extreme scenarios to be more realistic. The conclusion is based on the multiproxy data obtained from geological, archaeological, historiographical and hydrological studies. These results gave a quite reliable scheme of the changes during about 20 thousand-year history of the Aral, which experienced multiple abrupt transgressions and regressions. However, understanding of the reasons for these changes, except for the modern one, is still not complete and requires special investigation. In this paper, we discuss approaches for correlating the water level changes with climate change and variations of the Aral Basin water supply from its feeding-the Syr Darya and Amu Darya rivers.

Переведенное названиеThe key question of the Aral Sea evolution important for understanding its economic, social and ecological values
Язык оригиналаКитайский (традиционный)
Страницы (с-по)196-204
Число страниц9
ЖурналEarth Science Frontiers
Том28
Номер выпуска6
DOI
СостояниеОпубликовано - нояб. 2021

Предметные области OECD FOS+WOS

  • 1.05.KY ГЕОЛОГИЯ

ГРНТИ

  • 02 ФИЛОСОФИЯ

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