The use of 3D-modeling for reconstructing the appearance and function of non-utilitarian items (the case of anthropomorphic figurines from TouriSt-2)

K. A. Kolobova, A. Y. Fedorchenko, N. V. Basova, A. V. Postnov, V. S. Kovalev, P. V. Chistyakov, V. I. Molodin

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

This article presents the results of study of an Early Bronze ivory figurine from Tourist-2, using 3D-scanning with various technical parameters. The aim of the study was to test the new non-invasive methods of structured light 3D-scanning, with an accurate assessment of morphometric characteristics. In addition, use-wear analysis was employed to evaluate the previously unknown features relating to function. As a result, the original appearance of the figurine, the manufacturing technique, and iconographie characteristics were reconstructed. A series of transverse sections and the evaluation of the center of mass, combined with previously known features, suggest that the figurine was a personal ornament sewn onto clothing. For comparison, two flat anthropomorphic sculptures (a buckle made of burl, and a shale figurine) from the same burial complex were analyzed. Longitudinal sections suggest that, despite morphological and technological differences and the fact that various raw materials had been used, the iconographie style of all items is one and the same.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)66-76
Number of pages11
JournalArchaeology, Ethnology and Anthropology of Eurasia
Volume47
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Nov 2019

Keywords

  • 3D-modeling
  • Anthropomorphic sculpture
  • Bronze Age
  • Iconographie style
  • Krokhalevka culture
  • Use-wear analysis

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