The Paleogenetic Study of Bertek-33, an Afanasyevo Cemetery on the Ukok Plateau, the Altai Mountains

A. S. Pilipenko, R. O. Trapezov, S. Cherdantsev, I. Pilipenko, A. A. Zhuravlev, M. S. Pristyazhnyuk, V. Molodinz

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Abstract

We present the results of a paleogenetic analysis of bone samples representing seven adult individuals from Bertek-33—an Afanasyevo cemetery on the Ukokplateau, in the Altai Republic, Russia. The findings are interpreted with reference to archaeological and anthropological data. Four systems of genetic markers were analyzed: mitochondrial DNA, polymorphic fragment of the amelogenin gene, autosomal STR-loci, and Y-chromosomal STR-loci. Genetic results indicate the dominance of Western Eurasian mtDNA haplogroups (T, J, U5a, K, H) and the homogeneity of the male gene-pool represented by variants of the Y-chromosomal haplogroup Rib. Data on mtDNA, Y-chromosome, and individual autosomal markers attest to the Western Eurasian affinities of this group. The sample falls within the mtDNA and Y-chromosomal diversity of the Afanasyevo population of southern Siberia. Possible kinship between the individuals buried at Bertek-33 is discussed. Also, we address theoretical issues such as the accuracy of comparisons and the interpretation ofgenetic data with regard to cultural features.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)146-154
Number of pages9
JournalArchaeology, Ethnology and Anthropology of Eurasia
Volume48
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2020

Keywords

  • Paleogenetics
  • Afanasyevo culture
  • mitochondrial DIV/1
  • Y-chromosome
  • Altai Mountains
  • Bronze Age
  • HUMAN REMAINS
  • STEPPE
  • Mitochondrial DNA

OECD FOS+WOS

  • 5.09.EN CULTURAL STUDIES
  • 5.04.BF ANTHROPOLOGY
  • 6.01.BI ARCHAEOLOGY

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