Photocatalysts based on zinc hydroxide and a solid solution of CdS and ZnS were prepared via the precipitation method and used for photocatalytic hydrogen production from aqueous solutions of inorganic (Na2S/Na2SO3) and organic (ethanol) sacrificial agents. The photocatalysts were tested in cyclic experiments for hydrogen evolution and studied using X-ray diffraction (XRD), UV-Vis diffuse reflectance spectroscopy, high-resolution transmission electron microscopy (HRTEM), energy-dispersive X-ray spectroscopy (EDX), and X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS) techniques. Different transformations of the β-Zn(OH)2 co-catalyst were observed in the presence of inorganic and organic sacrificial agents; namely, ZnS was formed in Na2S/Na2SO3 solution, whereas the formation of ϵ-Zn(OH)2 was detected in solution with ethanol. The composite Zn(OH)2/Cd1-xZnxS photocatalysts have great potential in various photocatalysis processes (e.g., hydrogen production, CO2 reduction, and the oxidation of organic contaminants) under visible light.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1341-1350
Number of pages10
JournalRSC Advances
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - 8 Jan 2020


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