The Evaluation of Creative Ideas in Older and Younger Adults: A View from sLORETA Study

Evgeniya Yu Privodnova, Nina V. Volf, Gennady G. Knyazev

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

The ability to solve problems of divergent type is one of the most intact functions in successful aging. However, neurophysiologic mechanisms that support the efficiency of creative thinking remain largely unknown. This study was aimed to investigate age-related difference in localized induced electroencephalogram (EEG) changes during creative idea evaluation stage of divergent problem-solving (Alternate Uses Task), using standardized low-resolution brain electromagnetic tomography. Younger (45 women, 44 men, Mage = 22.1 years, age range: 18-30 years) and older adults (46 women, 43 men, Mage = 64.9 years, age range: 55-75 years) participated in the study. Higher synchronization in individually adjusted theta frequency band [from (individual alpha peak frequency -6 Hz) to (individual alpha peak frequency -4 Hz)] in anterior areas with the maximum values in anterior cingulate gyrus was revealed in older as compared with younger participants by group contrast. Higher desynchronization in wide beta range [from (individual alpha peak frequency +2 Hz) to 30 Hz] was localized in posterior brain regions with the highest values in posterior cingulate gyrus, precuneus, and parietal lobule in older adults. Induced beta 2 synchronization was positively correlated with originality (as measured by the mean frequency of ideas) in younger and years of education in older subjects. Based on the data, it was supposed that controlling the decision-making processes is more important for older adults while maintenance of the internal image of elements' recombination may play essential role for younger subjects.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)19-34
Number of pages16
JournalJournal of Psychophysiology
Volume34
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jan 2020

Keywords

  • aging
  • beta
  • divergent thinking
  • idea evaluation
  • sLORETA
  • theta
  • DEFAULT MODE NETWORK
  • BRAIN ACTIVITY
  • COGNITIVE RESERVE
  • PRIMARY MOTOR CORTEX
  • INDIVIDUAL-DIFFERENCES
  • CINGULATE CORTEX
  • AGE-RELATED-CHANGES
  • EPISODIC SIMULATION
  • DIVERGENT THINKING
  • BAND OSCILLATIONS

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