The case of X and Y localization of nucleolus organizer regions (NORs) in tragulus javanicus (Cetartiodactyla, Mammalia)

Anastasia A. Proskuryakova, Anastasia I. Kulemzina, Polina L. Perelman, Natalia A. Serdukova, Oliver A. Ryder, Alexander S. Graphodatsky

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

There are differences in number and localization of nucleolus organizer regions (NORs) in genomes. In mammalian genomes, NORs are located on autosomes, which are often situated on short arms of acrocentric chromosomes and more rarely in telomeric, pericentromeric, or interstitial regions. In this work, we report the unique case of active NORs located on gonоsomes of a eutherian mammal, the Javan mouse-deer (Tragulus javanicus). We have investigated the position of NORs by FISH experiments with ribosomal DNA (rDNA) sequences (18S, 5.8S, and 28S) and show the presence of a single NOR site on the X and Y chromosomes. The NOR is localized interstitially on the p-arm of the X chromosome in close proximity with prominent C-positive heterochromatin blocks and in the pericentromeric area of mostly heterochromatic Y. The NOR sites are active on both the X and Y chromosomes in the studied individual and surrounded by GC enriched heterochromatin. We hypothesize that the surrounding heterochromatin might have played a role in the transfer of NORs from autosomes to sex chromosomes during the karyotype evolution of the Javan mouse-deer.

Original languageEnglish
Article number312
Number of pages8
JournalGenes
Volume9
Issue number6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 20 Jun 2018

Keywords

  • Chevrotain
  • Chromosome evolution
  • Genome
  • Karyotype
  • Ribosomal DNA
  • Sex chromosomes
  • LOCATION
  • chevrotain
  • RECOMBINATION
  • CHARACIFORMES
  • ribosomal DNA
  • chromosome evolution
  • sex chromosomes
  • RIBOSOMAL-RNA GENES
  • PRIMATES
  • CHROMOSOME EVOLUTION
  • genome
  • karyotype
  • DNA
  • ARTIODACTYLA
  • DYNAMICS
  • KARYOTYPIC ANALYSIS

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