The adaptation of the seima-turbino tradition to the bronze age cultures in the south of the west siberian plain

V. I. Molodin, I. A. Durakov, L. N. Mylnikova, M. S. Nesterova

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

This article presents the results ofa study of bronze-casting artifacts found at the Middle Bronze Age settlements ofthe Middle Irtysh region. Seima-Turbino-type clay bronze-casting molds from the sites of Chernoozerye VI, Abramovo-10, and Vengerovo-2 are described with regard to construction, composition of molding mixture, and types of cast. Special attention is paid to the archaeological context. At Abramovo-10, the casting area was located between the houses; at Vengerovo-2, in a special structure with furnaces and utility pits. Similar types of casting areas, furnaces, and reusable molds attest to the unification of the casting process and a sophisticated tradition practiced by the indigenous Krotovo people, who, judging by the molds and casts, manufactured the Seima-Turbino-type bronze weapons themselves. The Irtysh, with its tributaries, was a transportation route along which the tradition spread. Initially, Seima-Turbino bronze artifacts were imported; but eventually they were replicated by local casters, who, in certain respects, adhered to their own metallurgical traditions.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)49-58
Number of pages10
JournalArchaeology, Ethnology and Anthropology of Eurasia
Volume46
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2018
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Irtysh region
  • Krotovo culture
  • Molds
  • Seima-turbino bronzes
  • Settlements
  • Seima-Turbino bronzes
  • settlements
  • Irtysh
  • molds

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