Test of lepton universality in beauty-quark decays

The LHCb Collaboration

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

29 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The standard model of particle physics currently provides our best description of fundamental particles and their interactions. The theory predicts that the different charged leptons, the electron, muon and tau, have identical electroweak interaction strengths. Previous measurements have shown that a wide range of particle decays are consistent with this principle of lepton universality. This article presents evidence for the breaking of lepton universality in beauty-quark decays, with a significance of 3.1 standard deviations, based on proton–proton collision data collected with the LHCb detector at CERN’s Large Hadron Collider. The measurements are of processes in which a beauty meson transforms into a strange meson with the emission of either an electron and a positron, or a muon and an antimuon. If confirmed by future measurements, this violation of lepton universality would imply physics beyond the standard model, such as a new fundamental interaction between quarks and leptons.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)277-282
Number of pages6
JournalNature Physics
Volume18
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Mar 2022

OECD FOS+WOS

  • 1.03 PHYSICAL SCIENCES AND ASTRONOMY

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