Sulfuric Acid Solutions of [Pt(OH)4(H2O)2]: A Platinum Speciation Survey and Hydrated Pt(IV) Oxide Formation for Practical Use

Danila Vasilchenko, Pavel Tkachenko, Sergey Tkachev, Pavel Popovetskiy, Vladislav Komarov, Tatyana Asanova, Igor Asanov, Evgeny Filatov, Eugene Maximovskiy, Evgeny Gerasimov, Angelina Zhurenok, Ekaterina Kozlova

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


The systematic study of the platinum speciation in sulfuric acid solutions of platinum (IV) hydroxide {[Pt(OH)4(H2O)2], HHPA} was performed with the use of a combination of methods. Depending on the prevailing Pt form, the three regions of H2SO4 concentration were marked: (1) up to 3 M H2SO4 forms unstable solutions gradually generating the PtO2·xH2O particles; (2) 4-12 M H2SO4, where the series of mononuclear aqua-sulfato complexes ([Pt(SO4)n(H2O)6-n]4-2n, where n = 0···4) dominate; and (3) 12 M and above, where, along with [Pt(SO4)n(H2O)6-n]4-2n species, the polynuclear Pt(IV) species and complexes with a bidentate coordination mode of the sulfato ligand are formed. For the first time, the salts of the aqua-hydroxo Pt(IV) cation [Pt(OH)2(H2O)4]SO4 (triclinic and monoclinic phases) were isolated and studied with a combination of methods, including the single-crystal X-ray diffraction. The formation of PtO2·xH2O particles in sulfuric acid solutions (1-3 M) of HHPA and their spectral characteristics and morphology were studied. The deposition of PtO2·xH2O was highlighted as a convenient method to prepare various Pt-containing heterogeneous catalysts. This possibility was illustrated by the preparation of Pt/g-C3N4 catalysts, which show an excellent performance in catalytic H2 generation under visible light irradiation with a quantum efficiency up to 5% and a rate of H2 evolution up to 6.2 mol·h-1 per gram of loaded platinum.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)9667-9684
Number of pages18
JournalInorganic Chemistry
Issue number25
Publication statusPublished - 27 Jun 2022




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