Structures of molecular complexes of SbCl5 with pyridine and acetonitrile: equal bond lengths, different stability

E. I. Davydova, A. V. Virovets, E. V. Peresypkina, I. V. Kazakov, A. Yu Timoshkin

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Molecular structure of crystalline complex SbCl5 • Py was determined for the first time and the structure of the complex SbCl5 • AN was refined by means of single crystal X-ray diffraction analysis. It is shown that donor-acceptor Sb–N bond lengths for these complexes are equal within the experimental error. Quantum chemical calculations of the complexes in the gas phase reveal that the energies of the donor-acceptor bond Sb–N are 88 and 180 kJ mol−1 for SbCl5 • AN and SbCl5 • Py, respectively. It is established that the length of the donor-acceptor bond Sb–N in the crystal cannot serve as a measure of its strength.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)84-90
Number of pages7
JournalRussian Chemical Bulletin
Volume69
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2020

Keywords

  • acetonitrile
  • antimony pentachloride
  • molecular complexes
  • pyridine
  • structure
  • ENERGY
  • CRYSTAL-STRUCTURES
  • ADDUCTS
  • DONOR-ACCEPTOR BOND
  • SOLID-STATE

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