Structure of CH4/O2/Ar flames at elevated pressures studied by flame sampling molecular beam mass spectrometry and numerical simulation

A. M. Dmitriev, D. A. Knyazkov, T. A. Bolshova, A. G. Tereshchenko, A. A. Paletsky, A. G. Shmakov, O. P. Korobeinichev

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19 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Experimental data are reported on the structure of laminar premixed methane/oxygen/argon flames stabilized over a flat burner at 1, 3, and 5 atm with different equivalence ratios φ (0.8-1.2). Mole fraction profiles of the reactants (CH4, O2), major stable products (CO2, H2O, H2, CO) and intermediates such as H, OH, CH3 radicals, as well as ethylene and acetylene, were measured by molecular-beam mass spectrometry. The temperature profiles in the flames were measured by thermocouples in the presence of a sampling probe to take into account the flame cooling effect due to the probe. The structures of stoichiometric flames at 1, 3 and 5 atm were compared to elucidate the effect of pressure on the mole fractions of the flame species. Fuel-lean (φ = 0.8) and fuel-rich (φ = 1.2) flames at 5 atm were also investigated in this work. All the experimental data were compared with the numerical simulations using the Premix code and three detailed chemical kinetic mechanisms for methane combustion available in the literature: the GRI-Mech 3.0, AramcoMech 1.3 and USC Mech II. The absolute mole fractions of CH4, O2, H2O, CO, CO2, H2, H, OH, CH3 in the flames and their dependences on pressure were captured by both mechanisms reasonably well. An analysis of the reaction mechanisms was performed to gain insights into the kinetics of methane combustion in stoichiometric conditions in the range of pressures from 1 to 5 atm and to explain the observed pressure effects on peak mole fractions of flame radicals. The decrease of peak mole fractions of acetylene and ethylene with pressure increase, which was observed in the experiments, was not reproduced by the mechanisms. Both mechanisms predicted the increase in their peak mole fractions with pressure (in the range from 1 to 3 atm). The kinetic analysis indicated the need to revise the pressure-dependent chemistry of acetylene and ethylene formation in the mechanisms.

Original languageEnglish
Article number13
Pages (from-to)3946-3959
Number of pages14
JournalCombustion and Flame
Volume162
Issue number10
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 29 Mar 2015

Keywords

  • Chemical kinetic modeling
  • Elevated pressure
  • Methane combustion
  • Molecular beam mass spectrometry
  • Premixed flame

OECD FOS+WOS

  • 1.07 OTHER NATURAL SCIENCES
  • 1.03 PHYSICAL SCIENCES AND ASTRONOMY
  • 1.04 CHEMICAL SCIENCES
  • 2.04 CHEMICAL ENGINEERING

State classification of scientific and technological information

  • 30 MECHANICS

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