Structural model of a2-subunit N-terminus and its binding interface for Arf-GEF CTH2: Implication for regulation of V-ATPase, CTH2 function and rational drug design

Vladimir Marshansky, Hiroyuki Hosokawa, Maria Merkulova, Anastasia Bakulina, Phat Vinh Dip, Youg Raj Thaker, Ajay Bjargava, James R. Tonra, Dennis A. Ausiello, Gerhard Grüber

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapterResearchpeer-review

1 Citation (Scopus)


We have previously identified the interaction between mammalian V-ATPase a2-subunit isoform and cytohesin-2 (CTH2) and studied molecular details of binding between these proteins. In particular, we found that six peptides derived from the N-terminal cytosolic domain of a2 subunit (a2N 1–402 ) are involved in interaction with CTH2 (Merkulova, Bakulina, Thaker, Grüber, & Marshansky, 2010). However, the actual 3D binding interface was not determined in that study due to the lack of high-resolution structural information about a-subunits of V-ATPase. Here, using a combination of homology modeling and NMR analysis, we generated the structural model of complete a2N 1–402 and uncovered the CTH2-binding interface. First, using the crystal-structure of the bacterial M. rubber I cyt -subunit of A-ATPase as a template (Srinivasan, Vyas, Baker, & Quiocho, 2011), we built a homology model of mammalian a2N 1–352 fragment. Next, we combined it with the determined NMR structures of peptides a2N 368–395 and a2N 386–402 of the C-terminal section of a2N 1–402 . The complete molecular model of a2N 1–402 revealed that six CTH2 interacting peptides are clustered in the distal and proximal lobe sub-domains of a2N 1–402 . Our data indicate that the proximal lobe sub-domain is the major interacting site with the Sec7 domain of first CTH2 protein, while the distal lobe sub-domain of a2N 1–402 interacts with the PH-domain of second CTH2. Indeed, using Sec7/Arf-GEF activity assay we experimentally confirmed our model. The interface formed by peptides a2N 1–17 and a2N 35–49 is involved in specific interaction with Sec7 domain and regulation of GEF activity. These data are critical for understanding of the cross-talk between V-ATPase and CTH2 as well as for the rational drug design to regulate their function.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationMembrane Transporters in the Pathogenesis of Cardiovascular and Lung Disorders
EditorsSergei N. Orlov
PublisherAcademic Press Inc.
Number of pages30
ISBN (Print)9780128177648
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2019

Publication series

NameCurrent Topics in Membranes
ISSN (Print)1063-5823


  • Arf GEF cytohesin-2
  • Cross-talk between V-ATPase and CTH2
  • Homology modeling
  • NMR analysis
  • Rational drug design
  • Sec7 domain enzymatic GEF activity
  • V-ATPase a2-subunit isoform N-terminus
  • ARNO


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