Reversible adsorption of nitrogen dioxide within a robust porous metal–organic framework

Xue Han, Harry G.W. Godfrey, Lydia Briggs, Andrew J. Davies, Yongqiang Cheng, Luke L. Daemen, Alena M. Sheveleva, Floriana Tuna, Eric J.L. McInnes, Junliang Sun, Christina Drathen, Michael W. George, Anibal J. Ramirez-Cuesta, K. Mark Thomas, Sihai Yang, Martin Schröder

Research output: Contribution to journalLetterpeer-review

83 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Nitrogen dioxide (NO2) is a major air pollutant causing significant environmental1,2 and health problems3,4. We report reversible adsorption of NO2 in a robust metal–organic framework. Under ambient conditions, MFM-300(Al) exhibits a reversible NO2 isotherm uptake of 14.1 mmol g−1, and, more importantly, exceptional selective removal of low-concentration NO2 (5,000 to <1 ppm) from gas mixtures. Complementary experiments reveal five types of supramolecular interaction that cooperatively bind both NO2 and N2O4 molecules within MFM-300(Al). We find that the in situ equilibrium 2NO2 ↔ N2O4 within the pores is pressure-independent, whereas ex situ this equilibrium is an exemplary pressure-dependent first-order process. The coexistence of helical monomer–dimer chains of NO2 in MFM-300(Al) could provide a foundation for the fundamental understanding of the chemical properties of guest molecules within porous hosts. This work may pave the way for the development of future capture and conversion technologies.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)691-696
Number of pages6
JournalNature Materials
Volume17
Issue number8
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Aug 2018

Keywords

  • AMBIENT CONDITIONS
  • DINITROGEN TETROXIDE
  • NO2 ADSORPTION
  • ADSORBENTS
  • REMOVAL
  • DIFFRACTION
  • POLLUTION
  • PRESSURE
  • SOFTWARE
  • CAPACITY

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