The article describes two pieces of decorated woolen tapestry discovered by the Russian-Mongolian expedition in a Xiongnu (early 1st century AD) burial at Noin-Ula (Noyon Uul) mound 22, Mongolia, in 2012. One piece shows a composition consisting of a line of flowers surrounded by a "rolling wave" woven along the left edge, and bands of similar waves skirting the opposite side. The design on the other piece consists mostly of five bands with floral patterns separated by plain tawny stripes. The pieces are close, technologically, to woolen fabrics unearthed at Eastern Mediterranean cities such as Palmyra, Dura-Europos, and Masada. The designs resemble those on fabrics from early 1st millennium sites in Xinjiang (Shampula, Niya, and Loulan), as well as those on Syrian fabrics having typical Palmyra design. However, the Noin-Ula pieces differ from their Palmyran and Xinjiang counterparts by a more expressive manner of rendering floral motifs. On the basis of analysis of the dyes, the original palette is reconstructed. Our analysis suggests that the cloth could have been manufactured at an Eastern Mediterranean tapestry workshop - one of those of enduring fame. The cloth was probably imported to the Mongolian steppes, together with other articles, along the southern section of the Silk Road.
|Number of pages||7|
|Journal||Archaeology, Ethnology and Anthropology of Eurasia|
|Publication status||Published - 2016|
- Noin-Ula mounds
- 6.01.BI ARCHAEOLOGY
- 5.09.EN CULTURAL STUDIES
- 5.04.BF ANTHROPOLOGY