Recent Advances in the Development of Exogenous dsRNA for the Induction of RNA Interference in Cancer Therapy

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Abstract

Selective regulation of gene expression by means of RNA interference has revolutionized molecular biology. This approach is not only used in fundamental studies on the roles of particular genes in the functioning of various organisms, but also possesses practical applications. A variety of methods are being developed based on gene silencing using dsRNA-for protecting agricultural plants from various pathogens, controlling insect reproduction, and therapeutic techniques related to the oncological disease treatment. One of the main problems in this research area is the successful delivery of exogenous dsRNA into cells, as this can be greatly affected by the localization or origin of tumor. This overview is dedicated to describing the latest advances in the development of various transport agents for the delivery of dsRNA fragments for gene silencing, with an emphasis on cancer treatment.

Original languageEnglish
Article number701
JournalMolecules (Basel, Switzerland)
Volume26
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 29 Jan 2021

Keywords

  • cancer
  • delivery agents
  • exogenous dsRNA
  • oligonucleotides
  • RNA interference
  • RNA Interference
  • Humans
  • Gene Silencing
  • RNA, Double-Stranded/genetics
  • Neoplasms/genetics

OECD FOS+WOS

  • 3.01 BASIC MEDICAL RESEARCH
  • 1.04 CHEMICAL SCIENCES

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