Asymmetric dihydroxylation of olefinic groups is an extremely important synthetic transformation which has been widely utilized to obtain optically pure pharmaceuticals and other fine chemical products. In recent years, catalyst systems for the asymmetric C=C dihydroxylations have attracted significant interest, the major research efforts being focused on designing environmentally benign catalyst systems. This mini-review summarizes recent progress in the field, surveying both novel, less toxic modifications of the classical osmium-based catalysts, and the highly efficient and enantioselective non-osmium catalyst systems. The bibliography includes 50 references.
- ENANTIOSELECTIVE CIS-DIHYDROXYLATION
- NONHEME IRON