Raman spectra of crystalline secondary amides

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5 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

We present a Raman-spectroscopic study of secondary amides (acetanilide, methacetin, phenacetine, orthorhombic and monoclinic polymorphs of paracetamol) as well as simple amides formanilide and benzanilide. The study was carried out on single crystals and in the temperature range of 5–300 K. The series of compounds with the same molecular fragment - acetamide group – can serve as a model system to study the interrelation between this group and the properties of the intermolecular “peptide-type” NH ⋯ O[dbnd]C hydrogen bonds. For all of the “acetamide family” of the compounds, similar changes in the Raman spectra were observed upon cooling of the samples: emergence of new Amide I(−) and Amide I(+) bands, which are red and blue shifted, respectively, from the conventional Amide-I band by around of 5–10 cm− 1. Corresponding changes in the same temperature range were observed for the N[sbnd]H out-of-plane bending (Amide V) and N[sbnd]H stretching vibrations of the N[sbnd]H ⋯ O[dbnd]C hydrogen bond. All of the spectral changes observed upon cooling of the samples can be presumed to result from a delocalization of the Amide-I and N[sbnd]H modes and appearance of dynamical (Davydov's) splitting at low temperature.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)216-220
Number of pages5
JournalSpectrochimica Acta - Part A: Molecular and Biomolecular Spectroscopy
Volume179
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 15 May 2017

Keywords

  • Dynamical splitting
  • Hydrogen bonds
  • Molecular crystals
  • Raman spectra
  • Secondary amides
  • SOLITONS
  • NEUTRON-DIFFRACTION
  • VARIABLE-TEMPERATURE
  • PARACETAMOL P-HYDROXYACETANILIDE
  • ACETANILIDE

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