Being a superluminous supernova, PTF12dam can be explained by a 56Ni-powered model, a magnetar-powered model, or an interaction model. We propose that PTF12dam is a pulsational pair-instability supernova, where the outer envelope of a progenitor is ejected during the pulsations. Thus, it is powered by a double energy source: radioactive decay of 56Ni and a radiative shock in a dense circumstellar medium. To describe multicolor light curves and spectra, we use radiation-hydrodynamics calculations of the STELLA code. We found that light curves are well described in the model with 40 Mo ejecta and 20-40 Mo circumstellar medium. The ejected 56Ni mass is about 6 Mo, which results from explosive nucleosynthesis with large explosion energy (2-3) × 1052 erg. In comparison with alternative scenarios of pair-instability supernova and magnetar-powered supernova, in the interaction model, all the observed main photometric characteristics are well reproduced: multicolor light curves, color temperatures, and photospheric velocities.
- circumstellar matter
- supernovae: general
- supernovae: individual (PTF12dam)
- ANALYTIC FITS
- LIGHT CURVES
- PHOTOIONIZATION CROSS-SECTIONS
- LUMINOUS SUPERNOVAE