Psychological status before and after surgery in patients with trigeminal neuralgia

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Abstract

Objective: To analyze the psychological status in patients with trigeminal neuralgia before surgery and in the early postoperative period after microvascular decompression of the trigeminal nerve. Methods: Psychological features of personality were studied in 56 patients aged from 28 to 80 years with trigeminal neuralgia. To study the psychological status, such scales as Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale, Pain Catastrophizing Scale and Patient's Subjective Assessment of Treatment Effectiveness Scale (PSATES) were used with special attention paid to presence of suicidal thoughts. Results: The signs of anxiety were clinically significant in 7%, absent - in 66 % of the patients. There were no signs of depression in 63 % of cases, while 7% of the patients suffered from clinically significant depression. Pain catastrophizing was observed in 76.8 % of patients. None of the patients rated the intervention as “excellent” on PSATES despite the complete pain relief in the majority of patients (78.6 %), and only 16.1 % of the patients rated it as "good". The aggravation factor had a significant influence on this evaluation (p = 0.01). Conclusions: General psychological status assessment can be used to objectify the indicators of the questionnaires and pain scales, as well as to determine the treatment tactics in this group, especially when it is necessary to clarify indications for an intervention and to decide on its proper time. Regardless of the outcome, the patients need time and psychological help for social adaptation due to changes in their social status.

Original languageEnglish
Article number106578
JournalClinical Neurology and Neurosurgery
Volume203
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Apr 2021

Keywords

  • Anxiety
  • Depression
  • Microvascular decompression
  • Psychological status
  • Trigeminal neuralgia

OECD FOS+WOS

  • 3.02 CLINICAL MEDICINE
  • 3.02.RT CLINICAL NEUROLOGY
  • 3.02.YA SURGERY

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