Properties of Rb CPT Atomic Clock at Subharmonic Microwave Modulation Frequencies

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This letter presents for the first time a systematic study of an atomic frequency standard based on oherent population trapping (CPT) effect in 87Rb vapour optically pumped with a multifrequency laser radiation formed with sidebands of a single-frequency laser whose injection current is modulated at a subharmonic frequency (1/2-1/6) relative to the frequency of hyperfine ground state splitting. Measured are the CPT resonance parameters and the atomic clock short-term stability at different subharmonic frequencies of microwave modulation. The possibility of CPT resonance light shift suppression is experimentally demonstrated at modulation frequencies between 1/3 and 1/5 of the resonant frequency for continuous wave optical pumping of the 87Rb vapour D1 line. Analyzed are the capabilities and potential of reduced energy consumption of atomic clocks when CPT resonance in rubidium vapour is excited at subharmonic modulation frequencies.

Original languageEnglish
Article number8746247
Number of pages11
JournalIEEE Photonics Journal
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - 1 Aug 2019


  • Electro-optical systems
  • metrology
  • novel methods


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