Platform for High-Spin Molecules: A Verdazyl-Nitronyl Nitroxide Triradical with Quartet Ground State

Evgeny V. Tretyakov, Pavel V. Petunin, Svetlana I. Zhivetyeva, Dmitry E. Gorbunov, Nina P. Gritsan, Matvey V. Fedin, Dmitri V. Stass, Rimma I. Samoilova, Irina Yu Bagryanskaya, Inna K. Shundrina, Artem S. Bogomyakov, Maxim S. Kazantsev, Pavel S. Postnikov, Marina E. Trusova, Victor I. Ovcharenko

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Thermally resistant air-stable organic triradicals with a quartet ground state and a large energy gap between spin states are still unique compounds. In this work, we succeeded to design and prepare the first highly stable triradical, consisting of oxoverdazyl and nitronyl nitroxide radical fragments, with a quartet ground state. The triradical and its diradical precursor were synthesized via a palladium-catalyzed cross-coupling reaction of diiodoverdazyl with nitronyl nitroxide-2-ide gold(I) complex. Both paramagnetic compounds were fully characterized by single-crystal X-ray diffraction analysis, superconducting quantum interference device magnetometry, EPR spectroscopy in various matrices, and cyclic voltammetry. In the diradical, the verdazyl and nitronyl nitroxide centers demonstrated full reversibility of redox process, while for the triradical, the electrochemical reduction and oxidation proceed at practically the same redox potentials, but become quasi-reversible. A series of high-level CASSCF/NEVPT2 calculations was performed to predict inter- and intramolecular exchange interactions in crystals of di- and triradicals and to establish their magnetic motifs. Based on the predicted magnetic motifs, the temperature dependences of the magnetic susceptibility were analyzed, and the singlet-triplet (135 ± 10 cm-1) and doublet-quartet (17 ± 2 and 152 ± 19 cm-1) splitting was found to be moderate. Unique high stability of synthesized verdazyl-nitronylnitroxide triradical opens new perspectives for further functionalization and design of high-spin systems with four or more spins.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)8164-8176
Number of pages13
JournalJournal of the American Chemical Society
Issue number21
Publication statusPublished - 2 Jun 2021




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