Phenomenological description of transport properties of three-phase composites

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The possibility is discussed of estimating the values of conductivity and dielectric permeability of three-phase composites using the modified mixing equation similar to the equation suggested earlier for two-phase systems. It is shown that the choice of theoretical mixing equation parameters for three-phase composites of the conductor–electrolyte–insulator type can be controversial; variants of solving this problem are suggested. According to the equation, three percolation thresholds can exist in this three-phase system; their position can be estimated on the basis of the maximum of dielectric permeability. The value of the maximum is determined by the ratio of conductivities of the conducting and dielectric phases. The equation can be extended to the case when interaction exists between the individual phases of the composite and a highly conducting layer is formed at the interface between these phases. The calculation of three-phase composites of the conductor–composite solid electrolyte–insulator type is calculated for the first time. It is shown that the mixing equation also allows calculating electric properties of composites in this case.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)700-705
Number of pages6
JournalRussian Journal of Electrochemistry
Issue number7
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jul 2017


  • composites of the conductor–electrolyte–insulator type
  • conductor–composite solid electrolyte–insulator systems
  • mixing equation
  • percolation
  • percolation threshold
  • three-phase composites


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