Parahydrogen-Induced Polarization Relayed via Proton Exchange

Kolja Them, Frowin Ellermann, Andrey N. Pravdivtsev, Oleg G. Salnikov, Ivan V. Skovpin, Igor V. Koptyug, Rainer Herges, Jan Bernd Hövener

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

The hyperpolarization of nuclear spins is a game-changing technology that enables hitherto inaccessible applications for magnetic resonance in chemistry and biomedicine. Despite significant advances and discoveries in the past, however, the quest to establish efficient and effective hyperpolarization methods continues. Here, we describe a new method that combines the advantages of direct parahydrogenation, high polarization (P), fast reaction, and low cost with the broad applicability of polarization transfer via proton exchange. We identified the system propargyl alcohol + pH2 → allyl alcohol to yield 1H polarization in excess of P ≈ 13% by using only 50% enriched pH2 at a pressure of ≈1 bar. The polarization was then successfully relayed via proton exchange from allyl alcohol to various target molecules. The polarizations of water and alcohols (as target molecules) approached P ≈ 1% even at high molar concentrations of 100 mM. Lactate, glucose, and pyruvic acid were also polarized, but to a lesser extent. Several potential improvements of the methodology are discussed. Thus, the parahydrogen-induced hyperpolarization relayed via proton exchange (PHIP-X) is a promising approach to polarize numerous molecules which participate in proton exchange and support new applications for magnetic resonance.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)13694-13700
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of the American Chemical Society
Volume143
Issue number34
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Sep 2021

OECD FOS+WOS

  • 2.04 CHEMICAL ENGINEERING
  • 1.06 BIOLOGICAL SCIENCES
  • 1.04 CHEMICAL SCIENCES

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