Pancake-bonding of semiquinone radicals under variable temperature and pressure conditions

Nikita E. Bogdanov, Valentina Milas&garon;inovic, Boris A. Zakharov, Elena V. Boldyreva, Kresimir Molc&garon;anov

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1 Citation (Scopus)


The effects of temperature (100-370K) and pressure (0-6GPa) on the non-localized two-electron multicentric covalent bonds ('pancake bonding') in closely bound radical dimers were studied using single-crystal X-ray diffraction on a 4-cyano-N-methylpyridinium salt of 5,6-dichloro-2,3-dicyanosemiquinone radical anion (DDQ) as the sample compound. On cooling, the anisotropic structural compression was accompanied by continuous changes in molecular stacking; the discontinuities in the changes in volume and b and c cell parameters suggest that a phase transition occurs between 210 and 240K. At a pressure of 2.55GPa, distances between radical dimers shortened to 2.9Å, which corresponds to distances observed in extended π-bonded polymers. Increasing pressure further to 6GPa reduced the interplanar separation of the radicals to 2.75Å. This may indicate that the covalent component of the interaction significantly increased, in accordance with the results of DFT calculations reported elsewhere [Molčanov et al. (2019), Cryst. Growth Des. 19, 391-402].

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)285-291
Number of pages7
JournalActa Crystallographica Section B: Structural Science, Crystal Engineering and Materials
Issue numberPt 2
Publication statusPublished - 1 Apr 2020


  • high pressure
  • low temperature
  • multicentric two-electron bonding
  • pancake bonding
  • semiquinone radicals
  • LINE


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