Optical uncaging of ADP reveals the early calcium dynamics in single, freely moving platelets

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Platelet activation is considered to be a cornerstone in pathogenesis of cardiovascular disease. The assessment of platelet activation at the single-cell level is a promising approach for the research of platelet function in physiological and pathological conditions. Previous studies used the immobilization of platelets on the surface, which significantly alters the activation signaling. Here we show that the use of photolabile "caged" analog of ADP allows one to track the very early stage of platelet activation in single, freely moving cells. In this approach, the diffusion step and ADP receptor ligation are separated in time, and a millisecond-timescale optical pulse may trigger the activation. The technique allows us to measure the delay (lag time) between the stimulus and calcium response in platelets. We also propose a simple model function for calcium peaks, which is in good agreement with the measured data. The proposed technique and model function can be used for in-depth studies of platelet physiology.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)3319-3330
Number of pages12
JournalBiomedical Optics Express
Issue number6
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jun 2020


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