New findings on the middle paleolithic of the eastern adriatic: The earliest settlement at Bioče, Montenegro

A. P. Derevianko, M. V. Shunkov, L. Bulatović, K. K. Pavlenok, V. A. Ulyanov, M. B. Kozlikin, A. V. Kandyba

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

4 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Excavations of undisturbed Pleistocene deposits at the Bioèe rock shelter layers 4 and 3 by the joint Russian- Montenegrin expedition yielded the fi rst evidence of Middle Paleolithic occupation. Primary reduction techniques are described, and a typology of the lithic industry is proposed. The techniques were quite simple, including parallel, multidirectional, and centripetal fl aking suggestive of the Levallois tradition. Flakes were mostly small, short, and robust, with a straight profi le. Most tools are single or double side-scrapers. Atypical end-scrapers, spurred and notcheddenticulate tools, and fl akes with irregular retouch are few. The closest technological and typological parallels are with Crvena Stijena layers XXII-XVIII, correlating with MIS 5c-b. This industry is based on Levallois and radial/discoid cores; elongated blanks are few. The most frequent tools are side-scrapers and backed knives. Finds from Bioèe span a long period of occupation and testify to cultural evolution, suggesting, for the fi rst time, that this site may be a key to understanding the cultural processes taking place during the Middle Paleolithic of the region.

Original languageEnglish
Article number1
Pages (from-to)3-14
Number of pages12
JournalArchaeology, Ethnology and Anthropology of Eurasia
Volume45
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2017

Keywords

  • Bioče rock shelter
  • Chronology
  • Eastern Adriatic
  • Lithic industry
  • Middle Paleolithic
  • Pleistocene
  • Stratigraphy
  • VARIABILITY
  • Bioce rock shelter
  • chronology
  • lithic industry
  • stratigraphy

OECD FOS+WOS

  • 6.01.BI ARCHAEOLOGY
  • 5.09.EN CULTURAL STUDIES
  • 5.04.BF ANTHROPOLOGY
  • 6.01 HISTORY AND ARCHAEOLOGY

State classification of scientific and technological information

  • 03 STORY. HISTORICAL SCIENCE

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