Neutron source VITA: from an idea to a clinic and fundamental knowledge

Сергей Юрьевич Таскаев, Марина Игоревна Бикчурина, Тимофей Александрович Быков, Дмитрий Александрович Касатов, Ярослав Колесников, Алексей Михайлович Кошкарев, Александр Николаевич Макаров, Георгий Михайлович Остреинов, Вячеслав Викторович Поросев, Сергей Сергеевич Савинов, Иван Михайлович Щудло, Евгения Олеговна Соколова, Игорь Николаевич Сорокин, Татьяна Викторовна Сычева, Юлия Сергеевна Таскаева, Глеб Дмитриевич Верховод

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contributionResearchpeer-review


A compact neutron source has been proposed and created at the Budker Institute of Nuclear Physics to obtain a neutron beam that largely meets the BNCT requirements. The source comprises an original design tandem accelerator (Vacuum Insulated Tandem Accelerator), a solid lithium target, and a beam shaping assembly. The accelerator is used to provide a dc proton/deuteron beam. The ion beam energy can be varied within a range of 0.6–2.3 MeV, keeping a high-energy stability of 0.1%. The beam current can also be varied in a wide range (from 1 pA to 10 mA) with a high current stability (0.4%). The unique capabilities of the facility allow: i) to generate an epithermal neutron fl ux with characteristics suitable for BNCT; ii) to generate thermal neutrons for determining the impurity content by the activation analysis, in particular, in ceramic samples developed for ITER; iii) to obtain a diagnostic neutron beam of an epithermal energy range without the presence of fast and thermal neutrons in it for boron imaging; iv) to generate a powerful fl ux of fast neutrons for radiation testing of optical fi bers for CERN; v) to form a bright source of monochromatic γ-rays with an energy of 478 keV for measuring the 7 Li(p,p'γ)7 Li cross-section and the contribution of the fast neutron dose and the 14N(n,p)14C reaction dose to the absorbed dose during BNCT, vi) to generate 9.17 MeV γ-rays with the 13C target for detecting explosives; vii) to study the energy and angular characteristics of the 11B(p,α)αα reaction. The neutron source served as a prototype for the facility created for a clinic in Xiamen (China) and the facilities being created for the CNAO in Pavia (Italy) and the Oncology Center in Moscow (Russia). The report describes the features of the facility, the results of its application, and plans for future research.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publication19th International Congress on Neutron Capture Therapy Granada, Spain, September 27th - October 1st, 2021. Book of Abstacts
Place of PublicationВена
PublisherInternational Atomic Energy Agency
Number of pages1
Publication statusPublished - 2021
Event19th International Congress on Neutron Capture Therapy - Вена, Austria
Duration: 27 Sep 20211 Oct 2021
Conference number: 19


Conference19th International Congress on Neutron Capture Therapy
Abbreviated titleICNCT
Internet address



State classification of scientific and technological information

  • 47.31 Accelerators of charged particles and plasma


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